Language Syntax

Structure

setup()

setup

The setup() function is called when an application starts. Use it to initialize variables, pin modes, start using libraries, etc. The setup function will only run once, after each powerup or device reset.

// EXAMPLE USAGE

int button = D0;
int LED = D1;
//setup initializes D0 as input and D1 as output
void setup()
{
  pinMode(button, INPUT_PULLDOWN);
  pinMode(LED, OUTPUT);
}

void loop()
{
  // ...
}

loop()

loop

After creating a setup() function, which initializes and sets the initial values, the loop() function does precisely what its name suggests, and loops consecutively, allowing your program to change and respond. Use it to actively control the device. A return may be used to exit the loop() before it completely finishes.

// EXAMPLE USAGE

int button = D0;
int LED = D1;
//setup initializes D0 as input and D1 as output
void setup()
{
  pinMode(button, INPUT_PULLDOWN);
  pinMode(LED, OUTPUT);
}

//loops to check if button was pressed,
//if it was, then it turns ON the LED,
//else the LED remains OFF
void loop()
{
  if (digitalRead(button) == HIGH)
    digitalWrite(LED,HIGH);
  else
    digitalWrite(LED,LOW);
}