PublishQueuePosixRK (community library)

Summary

Name Value
Name PublishQueuePosixRK
Version 0.0.1
Installs 913
License MIT
Author Rick Kaseguma rickkas7@rickkas7.com
URL https://github.com/rickkas7/PublishQueuePosixRK
Repository https://github.com/rickkas7/PublishQueuePosixRK.git
Download .tar.gz

Library asynchronous publish with a file-based queue on Particle Gen 3 devices

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Library Read Me

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PublishQueuePosixRK

Version of publish queue for storing events on the POSIX flash file system

This library works a bit differently than PublishQueueAsyncRK:

  • It only works with the POSIX flash file system
  • It can keep a number of events in regular memory for efficiency and reduced flash wear
  • Or it can always write events to the file system for maximum prevention of event loss
  • The file system queue supports discarding the oldest events when the size limit is exceeded

Usage

In many cases, you simply call this from setup:

PublishQueuePosix::instance().setup();

And this from loop:

PublishQueuePosix::instance().setup();

To publish you do something like this:

PublishQueuePosix::instance().publish("testEvent", buf, PRIVATE | WITH_ACK);
RAM Queue

One parameter you may want to change is the RAM queue size:

PublishQueuePosix::instance().withRamQueueSize(0);

Setting it to 0 means all events will be written to the file system immediately to reduce the chance of losing an event. This has higher overhead and can cause flash wear if you are publishing very frequently.

The default is 2. However, if you normally burst out multiple events at a time, be sure to set the RAM queue size larger than the maximum number of events you burst out. If the RAM queue becomes full, all events will be written to the file system.

The RAM queue is also written to the file system if a publish fails, and right before a reset caused by a software update. However, on other resets the queue will be lost, so if you must not lose an event you should set the RAM queue size to 0.

File Queue

The default maximum file queue size is 100, which corresponds to 100 events. Each event takes is stored in a single file. In many cases, an event will fit in a single 512-byte flash sector, but it could require two, or three, for a full 1024 byte event with the overhead.

Also remember that events can only be sent out one per second, so a very long queue will take a while to send!

PublishQueuePosix::instance().withFileQueueSize(50);

Dependencies

This library depends on two additional libraries:

API


void PublishQueuePosix::setup()

You must call this from setup() to initialize this library.

void setup()

void PublishQueuePosix::loop()

You must call the loop method from the global loop() function!

void loop()

PublishQueuePosix & PublishQueuePosix::withRamQueueSize(size_t size)

Sets the RAM based queue size (default is 2)

PublishQueuePosix & withRamQueueSize(size_t size)
Parameters
  • size The size to set (can be 0, default is 2)

You can set this to 0 and the events will be stored on the flash file system immediately. This is the best option if the events must not be lost in the event of a sudden reboot.

It's more efficient to have a small RAM-based queue and it eliminates flash wear. Make sure you set the size larger than the maximum number of events you plan to send out in bursts, as if you exceed the RAM queue size, all outstanding events will be moved to files.


size_t PublishQueuePosix::getRamQueueSize() const

Gets the size of the RAM queue.

size_t getRamQueueSize() const

PublishQueuePosix & PublishQueuePosix::withFileQueueSize(size_t size)

Sets the file-based queue size (default is 100)

PublishQueuePosix & withFileQueueSize(size_t size)
Parameters
  • size The maximum number of files to store (one event per file)

If you exceed this number of events, the oldest event is discarded.


size_t PublishQueuePosix::getFileQueueSize() const

Gets the file queue size.

size_t getFileQueueSize() const

PublishQueuePosix & PublishQueuePosix::withDirPath(const char * dirPath)

Sets the directory to use as the queue directory. This is required!

PublishQueuePosix & withDirPath(const char * dirPath)
Parameters
  • dirPath the pathname, Unix-style with / as the directory separator.

Typically you create your queue either at the top level ("/myqueue") or in /usr ("/usr/myqueue"). The directory will be created if necessary, however only one level of directory will be created. The parent must already exist.

The dirPath can end with a slash or not, but if you include it, it will be removed.

You must call this as you cannot use the root directory as a queue!


const char * PublishQueuePosix::getDirPath() const

Gets the directory path set using withDirPath()

const char * getDirPath() const

The returned path will not end with a slash.


bool PublishQueuePosix::publish(const char * eventName, PublishFlags flags1, PublishFlags flags2)

Overload for publishing an event.

bool publish(const char * eventName, PublishFlags flags1, PublishFlags flags2)
Parameters
  • eventName The name of the event (63 character maximum).

  • flags1 Normally PRIVATE. You can also use PUBLIC, but one or the other must be specified.

  • flags2 (optional) You can use NO_ACK or WITH_ACK if desired.

Returns

true if the event was queued or false if it was not.

This function almost always returns true. If you queue more events than fit in the buffer the oldest (sometimes second oldest) is discarded.


bool PublishQueuePosix::publish(const char eventName, const char data, PublishFlags flags1, PublishFlags flags2)

Overload for publishing an event.

bool publish(const char * eventName, const char * data, PublishFlags flags1, PublishFlags flags2)
Parameters
  • eventName The name of the event (63 character maximum).

  • data The event data (255 bytes maximum, 622 bytes in system firmware 0.8.0-rc.4 and later).

  • flags1 Normally PRIVATE. You can also use PUBLIC, but one or the other must be specified.

  • flags2 (optional) You can use NO_ACK or WITH_ACK if desired.

Returns

true if the event was queued or false if it was not.

This function almost always returns true. If you queue more events than fit in the buffer the oldest (sometimes second oldest) is discarded.


bool PublishQueuePosix::publish(const char eventName, const char data, int ttl, PublishFlags flags1, PublishFlags flags2)

Overload for publishing an event.

bool publish(const char * eventName, const char * data, int ttl, PublishFlags flags1, PublishFlags flags2)
Parameters
  • eventName The name of the event (63 character maximum).

  • data The event data (255 bytes maximum, 622 bytes in system firmware 0.8.0-rc.4 and later).

  • ttl The time-to-live value. If not specified in one of the other overloads, the value 60 is used. However, the ttl is ignored by the cloud, so it doesn't matter what you set it to. Essentially all events are discarded immediately if not subscribed to so they essentially have a ttl of 0.

  • flags1 Normally PRIVATE. You can also use PUBLIC, but one or the other must be specified.

  • flags2 (optional) You can use NO_ACK or WITH_ACK if desired.

Returns

true if the event was queued or false if it was not.

This function almost always returns true. If you queue more events than fit in the buffer the oldest (sometimes second oldest) is discarded.


bool PublishQueuePosix::publishCommon(const char eventName, const char data, int ttl, PublishFlags flags1, PublishFlags flags2)

Common publish function. All other overloads lead here. This is a pure virtual function, implemented in subclasses.

virtual bool publishCommon(const char * eventName, const char * data, int ttl, PublishFlags flags1, PublishFlags flags2)
Parameters
  • eventName The name of the event (63 character maximum).

  • data The event data (255 bytes maximum, 622 bytes in system firmware 0.8.0-rc.4 and later).

  • ttl The time-to-live value. If not specified in one of the other overloads, the value 60 is used. However, the ttl is ignored by the cloud, so it doesn't matter what you set it to. Essentially all events are discarded immediately if not subscribed to so they essentially have a ttl of 0.

  • flags1 Normally PRIVATE. You can also use PUBLIC, but one or the other must be specified.

  • flags2 (optional) You can use NO_ACK or WITH_ACK if desired.

Returns

true if the event was queued or false if it was not.

This function almost always returns true. If you queue more events than fit in the buffer the oldest (sometimes second oldest) is discarded.


void PublishQueuePosix::writeQueueToFiles()

If there are events in the RAM queue, write them to files in the flash file system.

void writeQueueToFiles()

void PublishQueuePosix::clearQueues()

Empty both the RAM and file based queues. Any queued events are discarded.

void clearQueues()

void PublishQueuePosix::setPausePublishing(bool value)

Pause or resume publishing events.

void setPausePublishing(bool value)
Parameters
  • value The value to set, true = pause, false = normal operation

If called while a publish is in progress, that publish will still proceed, but the next event (if any) will not be attempted.

This is used by the automated test tool; you probably won't need to manually manage this under normal circumstances.


bool PublishQueuePosix::getPausePublishing() const

Gets the state of the pause publishing flag.

bool getPausePublishing() const

size_t PublishQueuePosix::getNumEvents()

Gets the total number of events queued.

size_t getNumEvents()

This is the number of events in the RAM-based queue and the file-based queue. This operation is fast; the file queue length is stored in RAM, so this command does not need to access the file system.

If an event is currently being sent, the result includes this event.


void PublishQueuePosix::lock()

Lock the queue protection mutex.

void lock()

This is done internally; you probably won't need to call this yourself. It needs to be public for the WITH_LOCK() macro to work properly.


bool PublishQueuePosix::tryLock()

Attempt the queue protection mutex.

bool tryLock()

void PublishQueuePosix::unlock()

Unlock the queue protection mutex.

void unlock()

Version History

0.0.1 (2021-04-28)
  • Initial version

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