UbidotsMQTT (community library)

Summary

Name Value
Name UbidotsMQTT
Version 1.1.3
Installs 14324
License MIT
Author Ubidots devel@ubidots.com, Jose Garcia jose.garcia@ubidots.com
Maintainer Jose GarcĂ­a jose.garcia@ubidots.com
URL https://github.com/ubidots/ubidots-particle-mqtt
Download .tar.gz
All Versions 1.1.3, 1.1.2, 1.1.0, 1.0.0

Ubidots MQTT library for Particle

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Library Read Me

This content is provided by the library maintainer and has not been validated or approved.

Ubidots MQTT library for Particle Devices

This library is based on the MQTT library for Spark Core made by Hirotakaster which is one of the most popular libraries for MQTT in the Particle environment. We had to make a small modification on line 121 in the MQTT.h file. When trying to wrapp up the library a memory allocation for IP address is not erased properly, so in order to fix it, we've declared as NULL and hence avoids taking a random value. Additionally, some guards were added.

In a few lines you should be able to publish or subscribe to Ubidots devices and variables.

Requirements

Setup

  1. Setting up your Particle device:
  2. If you are using a Particle Electron, please follow these steps to set up the Particle data plan. Particle Electron steps.
  3. If you are using a Particle Core you have two ways to set it up:
  4. Using your smart phone.
  5. Connecting it to your computer over USB.
  6. If you are using a Particle Photon you have two ways to set it up:
  7. Using your smart phone.
  8. Connecting it to your computer over USB.

  9. After claiming your Particle Device and setting up your Ubidots account, head to Particle's Web IDE.

  10. In the Particle's Web IDE create a new app and set the name.
  11. Go to the library tab.
  12. Search "Ubidots" and select the UbidotsMQTT library.
  13. Click on INCLUDE IN APP. And return to your app.

Documentation

Constructor

Ubidots
Ubidots(char* token, void (*callback)(char*, uint8_t*, unsigned int))

@token, [Required]. Your Ubidots unique account TOKEN. @callback, [Required]. the callback function must be declared even though you don't need to subscribe to any variable, so the below code line should always be in your scripts:

void callback(char* topic, byte* payload, unsigned int length);

Creates an instance to connect tu Ubidots' broker. Default broker is industrial.api.ubidots.com. If you're using Ubidots for Education platform broker things.ubidots.com, use the setBroker() method explained below.

Methods to send data

add
void add(char* variableLabel, float value, char *context, char *dotTimestamp, uint16_t dotTimestampMillis);

@variableLabel, [Required]. The label of the variable where the dot will be stored. @value, [Required]. The value of the dot. @context, [Optional]. The dot's context. @dot_timestamp_seconds, [Optional]. The dot's timestamp in seconds. @dot_timestamp_millis, [Optional]. The dot's timestamp number of milliseconds. If the timestamp's milliseconds values is not set, the seconds will be multplied by 1000.

Adds a dot with its value, context and timestamp to be sent in the payload. You can add up to 5 dots before publishing them to Ubidots.

ubidotsPublish

bool ubidotsPublish(char *deviceLabel);

@deviceLabel, [Optional], [Defaults] = PARTICLE_DEVICE_ID. Device label to publish data to in Ubidots.

Sends all the data added using the add() method. Returns true if the data was sent.

Method to retrieve data

ubidotsSubscribe

ubidotsSubscribe(char* deviceLabel, char* variableLabel);

@deviceLabel, [Required]. The device label which contains the variable to retrieve values from. @variableLabel, [Required]. The variable label to retrieve the last value from.

Subscribe to the specified device label and variable label of your Ubidots account.

Auxiliar methods

addContext

void addContext(char* keyLabel, char* keyValue);

@keyLabel, [Required]. The key context label to store values. @keyValue, [Required]. The key pair value.

Adds to local memory a new key-value context key. The method inputs must be char pointers. The method allows to store up to 10 key-value pairs.

getContext

void getContext(char *contextResult);

@contextResult, [Required]. A char pointer where the context will be stored.

Builds the context according to the chosen protocol and stores it in the contextResult char pointer.

connect

bool connect(uint8_t maxRetries);

@maxRetries [Optional], [Default] = 0. Max retries is 255.

Indicates the number of times the method will attempt to connect to Ubidots' broker.

loop

loop();

Infinite loop for MQTT connection, insert it at the end of your routine.

isConnected

bool isConnected();

Returns true if there's an open socket socket with the broker, false otherwise.

ubidotsSetBroker

void ubidotsSetBroker(char *broker, uint16_t port);

@broker, [Required]. Broker DNS to connect to. @port, [Optional], [Defaults] = 1883. TCP port used to open the socket

Sets the broker properly to publish and subscribe to Ubidots accounts. If your account is an Industrial one,set "industrial.api.ubidots.com". By default, broker will be set to publish and subscribe to "industrial.api.ubidots.com". Use "things.ubidots.com" for Ubidots for Education free version platform.

setDebug

void ubidotsSetDebug(bool debug);

@debug, [Required]. Boolean type to turn off/on debug messages.

Make debug messages available through the serial port.

Examples

Refer to the examples folder

Subscribe to a variable

To subscribe to a variable, you need to specify your device and variable lables as input arguments for the ubidotsSubscribe() function. The incoming value will be returned by the MQTT library in the payload variable, by default the subscribed function only gets the last value of the variable subscribed. Retain value feature is only available for business users.

/****************************************
* Include Libraries
****************************************/

#include "UbidotsMQTT.h"

/****************************************
* Define Constants
****************************************/

#ifndef TOKEN
#define TOKEN "Your TOKEN"  // Add here your Ubidots TOKEN
#endif


/****************************************
* Auxiliar Functions
****************************************/

void callback(char* topic, byte* payload, unsigned int length) {
Serial.print("Message arrived [");
Serial.print(topic);
Serial.print("] ");
Serial.println("payload obtained from server:");
for (int i=0;i<length;i++) {
Serial.print((char)payload[i]); // prints the answer of the broker for debug purpose
}
// Some stuff to make with the payload obtained
//
//
Serial.println();
}

/****************************************
* Instances
****************************************/

Ubidots client(TOKEN, callback);

/****************************************
* Main Functions
****************************************/

void setup() {
Serial.begin(115200);
client.initialize();

// Uncomment this line if you have a business Ubidots account
//client.ubidotsSetBroker("business.api.ubidots.com");

if(client.isConnected()){
// Insert as first parameter the device to subscribe and as second the variable label
client.ubidotsSubscribe("device-to-subscribe", "water-level");
}
}

void loop() {
if(!client.isConnected()){
client.reconnect();
}

// Client loop for publishing and to maintain the connection
client.loop();
delay(1000);
}

Publish values to a device

To publish values to Ubidots, you have to call first the add() function first for storing the values to send (max of 5 values per request), so insert as parameters for the add() function the variable label, the context and the timestamp (these last two are optionals):

/****************************************
* Include Libraries
****************************************/

#include "UbidotsMQTT.h"

/****************************************
* Define Constants
****************************************/

#ifndef TOKEN
#define TOKEN "Your TOKEN"  // Add here your Ubidots TOKEN
#endif


/****************************************
* Auxiliar Functions
****************************************/

void callback(char* topic, byte* payload, unsigned int length) {
Serial.print("Message arrived [");
Serial.print(topic);
Serial.print("] ");
Serial.println("payload obtained from server:");
for (int i=0;i<length;i++) {
Serial.print((char)payload[i]); // prints the answer of the broker for debug purpose
}
// Some stuff to make with the payload obtained
//
//
Serial.println();
}


/****************************************
* Instances
****************************************/

Ubidots client(TOKEN, callback);

/****************************************
* Main Functions
****************************************/

void setup() {
Serial.begin(115200);
client.initialize();

// Uncomment this line if you have a business Ubidots account
//client.ubidotsSetBroker("business.api.ubidots.com");
}

void loop() {
if(!client.isConnected()){
client.reconnect();
}

// Publish routine, if the device and variables are not created they will be created
float value = 1;
Serial.println("Sending value");
client.add("test-var-1", value); // Insert as first parameter your variable label
client.add("test-var-2", value, "\"lat\":10.302, \"lng\":2.9384"); //Adds value with context
client.add("test-var-3", value, NULL, 1492445109); // Adds value with custom timestamp
client.ubidotsPublish("test-device"); // Insert your device label where the values will be stored in Ubidots

// Client loop for publishing and to maintain the connection
client.loop();
delay(1000);
}

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