Tracker One(011)

Tracker One

The Tracker One is a ready-to-go Tracker SoM carrier board with optional weatherproof enclosure.

  • Ready to go with IP67-rated enclosure.
  • GNSS Antenna Onboard: convenient high-gain GNSS antenna for easy access to GNSS signals.
  • Flexible Power Supply: easily add asset tracking to most devices. A wide 6-30V power supply copes with most power delivery systems. Also accepts 5V supply via USB-C. LiPo battery connector with charge LED. Supports up to 90V when connecting directly to the carrier board.
  • High-precision Thermistor with accuracy to 1%.
  • Extensible: IP67-rated M8 connector includes CAN Bus, UART, GPIO, and power for simple expansion.
  • USB-C for flashing, debugging and power with higher charging rates than Micro-USB.
  • RGB LED for use as both a user-configurable device as well as Particle status information.

Enclosure

Block Diagram

Block Diagram

Description

Labeled Diagram
Num ID Description
1 GNSS Antenna
2 Wi-Fi Antenna (mounted on side of case)
3 NFC Antenna (mounted on lid) 1
4 Power and I/O connector (B8B-PH)
5 BLE Antenna (mounted on side of case)
6 LiPo Connector
7 M8 8-pin male connector (mounted on side of case)
8 USB-C2
9 NFC connector (connects to NFC antenna on lid)
10 RGB Status LED
11 GNSS LED GNSS Status LED
12 CHRG LiPo charge status LED
13 USER User Button
14 RESET RESET Button
15 MODE MODE button
16 Cellular Antenna (mounted on side of case)
17 USB-C switch3
18 Thermistor
19 JTAG connector (not populated)4

1When disassembling the Tracker One, be careful when removing the lid. The NFC antenna and LiPo battery are mounted on the lid, and the NFC antenna cable is short. Carefully remove the NFC U.FL connector before fully removing the lid of the case. Reconnect to (9).

2The USB-C connector is normally connected to the nRF52840 MCU. It can be connected to the GNSS module by using the USB-C switch (17).

3The normal state is 1-4 OFF and 5-6 ON to connect the USB to the nRF52840. To connect the USB-C to the u-blox GNSS, turn 1-4 ON and 5-6 OFF. Disconnect the USB-C and the LiPo battery before changing the switch settings.

4The JTAG connector is not populated at the factory. The connector is a Samtec FTSH-105-01-F-DV-K 10 position (2x5), 1.27mm pitch.


Power and I/O Connector (M8)

M8 Pin Function Function Function I/O Color
1 CAN_P IO2 Yellow
2 VIN3 I Red
3 Analog A3 GPIO D3 IO1 White
4 Serial1 RX Wire3 SDA GPIO D8 IO1 Green
5 Serial1 TX Wire3 SCL GPIO D9 IO1 Brown
6 CAN_5V4 CAN_PWR O Orange
7 CAN_N IO2 Blue
8 GND Black

The IP67 M8, 8-pin, male pins with threaded barrel connector is accessible from the outside of the enclosure.

M8 connector

View as looking into the M8 connector on the outside of the enclosure.

Note: Version 003 and earlier of this datasheet had a different pin numbering for M8 connector that didn't match the connector manufacturer's numbering. Only the numbering has changed; the function of the pin at a given location is unchanged and the change should not affect existing designs.

1MCU GPIO is limited to 3.3V maximum.

2CAN Bus specifications can be found in the Tracker SoM datasheet. CAN Bus termination is provided on the carrier board.

36.0 to 30 VDC at 2A when using the M8 connector. 6.0 - 90 VDC at 2A when connecting directly to the board.

45V, 400 mA maximum. Controlled by the CAN_PWR GPIO.

Additional information on M8 cables and connectors can be found in the M8 Accessories Datasheet.


Carrier Board Power and I/O Connector

The connector on the carrier board itself is is a JST B8B-PH-SM4-TB(LF)(SN), 8-position, 2mm pitch, male pins, shrouded. The mating connector is the JST PHR-8. The female sockets are available plain, with leads, and in pre-manufactured ribbon cable formats.

PHR-8 Pin M8 Pin Function Color
1 2 VIN Red
2 1 CAN_P Yellow
3 7 CAN_N Blue
4 6 CAN_5V Orange
5 5 TX_SCL_D9 Brown
6 4 TX_SDA_D8 Green
7 3 A3 White
8 8 GND Black

Additional Peripherals

Signal Device OS Description
THERM A0 NTC Thermistor
USER A1 USER button
GNSS_LOCK A2 GNSS lock indicator
GPIO1 A3 GPIO on power and I/O connector
MCU TX TX MCU serial TX, GPIO D9, Wire3 SCL
MCU RX RX MCU serial RX, GPIO D8, Wire3 SDA

Note: While the USER button exists inside the Tracker One, the Tracker One is a sealed unit and opening it will void the warranty and may affect certifications, thus it is not practical to use. It can be used with the Tracker Carrier Board.


Powering the Tracker Carrier Board

There are several options for powering the carrier board:

The MCU USB connector (USB-C). If using a laptop with a USB-A to USB-C cable and a 500 mA USB port, you should also use the LiPo battery. With an true USB-C port and cable, or a 2A tablet charger, you can power only by USB.

The VIN connector (6 to 30 VDC at 2A on the M8 connector, or 6 to 90 VDC at 2A to the B8B-PH connector on the board). This is useful with an external power supply.

The LiPo connector. This is typically used with a LiPo battery.

USB connector

There is a single USB C connector on the carrier board. On the Tracker One, this exits the enclosure and is IP67 rated.

A set of DIP switches on the carrier board allow this port to be connected to either the MCU (normal) or u-blox GNSS (for firmware updates). The normal state is 1-4 OFF and 5-6 ON to connect the USB to the nRF52840. To connect the USB-C to the u-blox GNSS, turn 1-4 ON and 5-6 OFF. Disconnect the USB-C and the LiPo battery before changing the switch settings.

LED Indicators

The RGB LED default behavior is:

  • Red breathing: Attempting to connect to the cellular network
  • Yellow breathing: Connecting to the cloud, weaker cellular signal
  • Green breathing: Connecting to the cloud, good cellular signal
  • Yellow solid: Connected to the cloud, weaker cellular signal
  • Green solid: Connected to the cloud, good cellular signal

Alternatively the LED can be configured to the typical Particle color scheme (blinking green, blinking cyan, breathing cyan) via device or cloud configuration. Custom device firmware can provide other color schemes if desired.

The CHRG LED indicates the charge status:

  • Off: Not charging or no power
  • On: Charging
  • Blinking: Charge fault
  • Flickering: No battery

The GNSS LED indicates the GNSS fix status:

  • Off: GNSS is powered off.
  • Blinking (1 Hz): Attempting to get a GNSS fix
  • On: Has a GNSS fix.

Antennas

Antenna Location
GNSS Carrier Board (faces top of case)
Wi-Fi Left Side
BLE Left Side
NFC Top
Cellular Right Side

Tracker One Antennas

As the GNSS antenna faces the top of the case, you also want the top of the case facing the sky to the greatest extent possible. You will likely be be unable to get a GNSS lock with the top facing down.


Tracker One Schematics

Will be provided at a later date.


Peripheral Details

Thermistor

The Tracker Carrier Board contains a 100K NTC thermistor, connected to A0. It is a Panasonic ERT-J1VR104FM connected high-side.

Thermistor

It can be read using the getTemperature() API. Note that this is the temperature on the board, within the enclosure, and will typically be several degrees warmer than the ambient temperature.

Design Files

The Tracker Carrier Board in the Tracker One is open-source and the Eagle CAD design files are available in Github:

https://github.com/particle-iot/tracker-hardware

Mechanical specifications

Operating Temperature

Parameter Minimum Maximum Units
Operating temperature -10 60 °C
Battery charging enabled 0 50 °C

Dimensions and weight

Parameter Value Units
Width 88 mm
Length (case only) 146 mm
Length (including M8 connector) 154 mm
Thickness 33 mm
Weight 290 g

Case Dimensions (mm):

Case Dimensions

Bottom:

Case Bottom

Maximum Carrier Board Dimensions (mm):

Carrier Board Dimensions

Note: The Tracker Carrier Board has a smaller bottom tab to provide space for the M8 connector.


Power consumption (Tracker One 402)

Parameter Symbol Min Typ Max Unit
Operating Current (uC on, peripherals and radio disabled) Istartup mA
Operating Current (uC on, cellular connecting to cloud) Icell_conn_cloud mA
Operating Current (uC on, cellular connected but idle) Icloud_idle mA
Operating Current (uC on, cellular connected and transmitting) Icloud_pub mA
STOP mode sleep, GPIO wake-up Istop_gpio 911 1140 1530 uA
STOP mode sleep, analog wake-up Istop_analog 920 1120 1480 uA
STOP mode sleep, RTC wake-up Istop_intrtc 919 1130 1500 uA
STOP mode sleep, BLE wake-up, advertising Istop_ble_adv 136 1190 2880 uA
STOP mode sleep, BLE wake-up, connected Istop_ble_conn 772 1180 1790 uA
STOP mode sleep, serial wake-up Istop_usart 993 1120 1510 uA
STOP mode sleep, cellular wake-up Istop_cell 11.2 17.3 116 mA
STOP mode sleep, IMU wake-up Istop_imu 850 1150 1590 uA
STOP mode sleep, CAN wake-up Istop_can 981 1200 1600 uA
STOP mode sleep, GPS wake-up Istop_gps 29.3 36.1 50.2 mA
ULP mode sleep, GPIO wake-up Iulp_gpio 201 552 uA
ULP mode sleep, analog wake-up Iulp_analog 190 593 uA
ULP mode sleep, RTC wake-up Iulp_intrtc 188 558 uA
ULP mode sleep, BLE wake-up, advertising Iulp_ble_adv 270 2150 uA
ULP mode sleep, BLE wake-up, connected Iulp_ble_conn 258 990 uA
ULP mode sleep, serial wake-up Iulp_usart 638 842 1200 uA
ULP mode sleep, cellular wake-up Iulp_cell 13.9 16.9 86.0 mA
ULP mode sleep, IMU wake-up Iimu_imu 225 642 uA
ULP mode sleep, CAN wake-up Ican_can 75.3 270 631 uA
ULP mode sleep, GPS wake-up Iulp_gps 28.0 35.3 49.5 mA
HIBERNATE mode sleep, GPIO wake-up Ihib_gpio 161 564 uA
HIBERNATE mode sleep, analog wake-up Ihib_analog 151 557 uA
HIBERNATE mode sleep, external RTC wake-up Ihib_extrtc 151 562 uA
HIBERNATE mode sleep, IMU wake-up Ihib_imu 185 669 uA
HIBERNATE mode sleep, CAN wake-up Ihib_can 230 636 uA

Power consumption (Tracker One 523)

Parameter Symbol Min Typ Max Unit
Operating Current (uC on, peripherals and radio disabled) Istartup 24.2 132 689 mA
Operating Current (uC on, cellular connecting to cloud) Icell_conn_cloud 51.2 112 594 mA
Operating Current (uC on, cellular connected but idle) Icloud_idle 50.9 60.2 197 mA
Operating Current (uC on, cellular connected and transmitting) Icloud_pub 57.2 173 702 mA
STOP mode sleep, GPIO wake-up Istop_gpio 778 1010 1390 uA
STOP mode sleep, analog wake-up Istop_analog 740 995 1390 uA
STOP mode sleep, RTC wake-up Istop_intrtc 758 993 1420 uA
STOP mode sleep, BLE wake-up, advertising Istop_ble_adv 1050 2500 uA
STOP mode sleep, BLE wake-up, connected Istop_ble_conn 521 1050 1920 uA
STOP mode sleep, serial wake-up Istop_usart 729 995 1390 uA
STOP mode sleep, cellular wake-up Istop_cell 19.2 21.5 151 mA
STOP mode sleep, IMU wake-up Istop_imu 741 1020 1460 uA
STOP mode sleep, CAN wake-up Istop_can 884 1080 1490 uA
STOP mode sleep, GPS wake-up Istop_gps 28.0 34.8 49.0 mA
ULP mode sleep, GPIO wake-up Iulp_gpio 172 556 uA
ULP mode sleep, analog wake-up Iulp_analog 165 526 uA
ULP mode sleep, RTC wake-up Iulp_intrtc 164 561 uA
ULP mode sleep, BLE wake-up, advertising Iulp_ble_adv 228 1810 uA
ULP mode sleep, BLE wake-up, connected Iulp_ble_conn 231 1100 uA
ULP mode sleep, serial wake-up Iulp_usart 503 731 1169 uA
ULP mode sleep, cellular wake-up Iulp_cell 18.6 20.9 212 mA
ULP mode sleep, IMU wake-up Iimu_imu 194 534 uA
ULP mode sleep, CAN wake-up Ican_can 45.1 247 609 uA
ULP mode sleep, GPS wake-up Iulp_gps 27.4 33.9 48.0 mA
HIBERNATE mode sleep, GPIO wake-up Ihib_gpio 148 519 uA
HIBERNATE mode sleep, analog wake-up Ihib_analog 141 515 uA
HIBERNATE mode sleep, external RTC wake-up Ihib_extrtc 140 525 uA
HIBERNATE mode sleep, IMU wake-up Ihib_imu 178 544 uA
HIBERNATE mode sleep, CAN wake-up Ihib_can 222 608 uA

Product Handling

ESD Precautions

The Tracker SoM contains highly sensitive electronic circuitry and is an Electrostatic Sensitive Device (ESD). Handling an module without proper ESD protection may destroy or damage it permanently. Proper ESD handling and packaging procedures must be applied throughout the processing, handling and operation of any application that incorporates the module. ESD precautions should be implemented on the application board where the B series is mounted. Failure to observe these precautions can result in severe damage to the module!

Battery Warning

CAUTION

RISK OF EXPLOSION IF BATTERY IS REPLACED BY AN INCORRECT TYPE. DISPOSE OF USED BATTERIES ACCORDING TO THE INSTRUCTIONS.

Disposal

WEEE

This device must be treated as Waste Electrical & Electronic Equipment (WEEE) when disposed of.

Any WEEE marked waste products must not be mixed with general household waste, but kept separate for the treatment, recovery and recycling of the materials used. For proper treatment, recovery and recycling; please take all WEEE marked waste to your Local Authority Civic waste site, where it will be accepted free of charge. If all consumers dispose of Waste Electrical & Electronic Equipment correctly, they will be helping to save valuable resources and preventing any potential negative effects upon human health and the environment of any hazardous materials that the waste may contain.

Ordering Information

SKU Description Packaging
ONE402M Tracker One LTE M1 (NorAm), [x1] Each
ONE523M Tracker One LTE CAT1/3G/2G (Europe), [x1] Each
TCAR Tracker Carrier Board, [x1] Each

Revision history

Revision Date Author Comments
pre1 2020 Apr 20 RK Preview Release1
pre2 2020 May 12 RK Added partial dimensions
001 2020 Jun 29 RK First release
002 2020 Jun 30 RK CAN 5V is limited to 400 mA, not 500 mA
003 2020 Jul 16 RK Corrected M8 pinouts
004 2020 Aug 06 RK Corrected M8 pin numbering
005 2020 Aug 09 RK Updated VIN voltages
006 2020 Aug 10 RK Updated carrier board diagram
007 2020 Sep 01 RK Added antenna diagram
008 2020 Sep 08 RK Corrected USB connector description
009 2020 Sep 25 RK Add battery warning
010 2020 Oct 14 RK Add temperature range
011 2020 Nov 05 RK Add power usage