Calculates the maximum of two numbers.

max(x, y)

x is the first number, any data type y is the second number, any data type

The functions returns the larger of the two numbers.

sensVal = max(senVal, 20); // assigns sensVal to the larger of sensVal or 20
                           // (effectively ensuring that it is at least 20)

NOTE: Perhaps counter-intuitively, max() is often used to constrain the lower end of a variable's range, while min() is used to constrain the upper end of the range.

WARNING: Because of the way the max() function is implemented, avoid using other functions inside the brackets, it may lead to incorrect results

max(a--, 0);   // avoid this - yields incorrect results

a--;           // use this instead -
max(a, 0);     // keep other math outside the function