P2 Evaluation Board

Preliminary pre-release version 2022-04-18

This is an preliminary pre-release datasheet and the contents are subject to change.

This is a simple breakout board for Particle's P2 Wi-Fi module. It breaks out all of its pins via easy to use headers. The board features a USB port, a barrel jack power connector, buttons, and RGB LED as well as Feather, Grove, and Qwiic connectors for prototyping with external sensors, displays, etc..

Description

P2 eval board
Label Description
1 USB
2 5V Power In (optional)
3 P2 Module
4 External Wi-Fi and BLE antenna (optional)
5 Feather expansion connector
6 Qwiic I2C connector
7 Feather expansion connector
8 Grove expansion connector
9 Expansion header
10 RESET button
11 RGB LED
12 MODE button
13 SWD debugging connector

If powering by USB, 500 mA is required. This a compatible with most USB hubs, computers, laptops, and chargers, but will not work with some low-power USB ports on some keyboards.

The P2 includes a built-in trace antenna that is used for both BLE and Wi-Fi. A U.FL connector is provided for an external antenna, if desired. The antenna selection must be made in software; the P2 will not automatically switch between built-in and external antennas. If using an external antenna, a dual-band (2.4 GHz and 5 GHz) antenna is required. The external antenna doesn't have to explicitly include BLE support, as the BLE frequencies are the same as 2.4 GHz Wi-Fi so all dual-band Wi-Fi antennas are compatible.

Building user firmware

As of the time of writing (June 2022), P2 firmware can only be compiled using the cloud compiler.

Using Particle Workbench

When using Particle Workbench, use the Particle: Launch CLI option from the Command Palette (Command-Shift-P or Ctrl-Shift-P). Then use the Particle CLI to generate a binary, as described in the next section.

Using the Particle CLI

From the Particle CLI, you can use a command such as:

particle compile p2 . --target 3.2.1-p2.3 --saveTo firmware.bin

Note that you must specify a target system version when building for the P2. If an upgrade of Device OS is required, it will be updated OTA.

Using the Web IDE

From the Web IDE, select the Devices icon, then your P2 device, then target an appropriate firmware version, such as 3.2.1-p2.3 or 3.2.1-p2.2. If an upgrade of Device OS is required, it will be updated OTA.

Expansion connectors

Expansion header

If you are prototyping your own custom design you may want to use the 40-pin expansion header. It's a standard 20x2 female header, 0.1" pitch, that can accept male header pins or prototyping wires.

Feather

See the P2 Datasheet for details about the pins. The gold boxes indicate the P2 pin numbers.

Feather expansion

Feather

There are two socket for Feather accessory boards. These are only for use with displays, sensors, storage, etc..

You must not plug a Particle device such as an Argon or Boron in this socket, as the device may be permanently damaged.

This will work with most Feather boards, however:

  • The P2 does not support ADC inputs A3, A4, and A5.
  • The P2 does not work with Feather accessories that use SPI1 on the Argon or Boron D pins.
  • Some pins have different names which may require minor source code modifications. This includes and code that used Argon or Boron pins A3, A4, A5, or D8.

The pinouts of the Feather accessory socket correspond to pinouts of the Photon 2. See the Photon 2 Datasheet and the Argon to Photon 2 migration guide for more information.

Some pins in the same positions are named differently between the Argon/Boron and the Feather accessory socket/Photon 2:

Argon Name P2 Feather Socket Name
A3 A5
A4 S4
A5 S3
D8 D10

Additionally, D pin aliases D8 and higher are different, however these names are rarely used.

Pin name comparison

Qwiic connector

Qwiic is a 3.3V I2C standard developed by SparkFun and adopted by other manufacturers. It's also compatible with Adafruit Stemma Qt expansion devices. You can use this to add displays, sensors, etc. and multiple devices can be connected to a single Qwiic port, as accessory boards have two connectors for chaining multiple sensors.

Grove connector

The Grove connector allows Grove accessories to be added. Pins D0 and D1 are present on the connector. This allows the use of Grove I2C sensors.

If you are not using I2C elsewhere (Feather, Qwiic), you can use these pins as digital GPIO, or as analog inputs.

Pin I2C Digital Analog
GND
3V3
D0/SDA SDA D0 A3
D1/SCL SCL D1 A4

SWD debugging connector

The P2 eval board has a 10 pin debug connector that exposes the SWD interface of the MCU. This can be used to program the bootloader, device OS, or the user firmware using any standard SWD tools including the Particle Debugger, Segger J/LINK, or other CMSIS-DAP debuggers. It can also be used for source-level debugging using Particle Workbench.

Note that SWD is shared with GPIO pins D6 and D7, and by default SWD is only enabled while the bootloader is running, immediately at boot, and when in DFU mode (blinking yellow). Only Debug builds in Workbench have SWD enabled in when user firmware is running.

The SWO pin is not used on the P2.